Bahrain struggles to get economy back on track



Bahrain Financial Harbour (BFH) is a striking landmark built on seafront reclaimed from the Gulf - two elegant towers in the capital, Manama, that leap into the sky, green clad and shimmering in the heat.


Scores of Demonstrators Killed in Egypt

Armed civilians and police officers opened fire on protesters against Egypt’s new government Saturday, witnesses said, leaving at least 49 dead and casting doubt on prospects for a deal between the military and its Islamist opponents.
Clashes between the police and Mr. Morsi’s supporters erupted about 11:30 p.m. Friday. Witnesses said the police were trying to disperse protesters as they approached a central Cairo bridge, using tear gas at first, but then the officers, joined by armed civilians, fired birdshots and ultimately live ammunition to drive the protesters back.
By later Saturday morning the bodies of at least 29 protesters were seen laid out on concrete floors in a makeshift morgue, while there were 20 more dead at a nearby hospital. The Muslim Brotherhood put the death count at 70 people overall.
‘'They are not shooting to wound, they are shooting to kill,'’ said Gehad El-Haddad, a spokesman for the Brotherhood.
The burst of violence came after a vast state-orchestrated display of military power Friday, with army helicopters hovering low over a huge throng of flag-waving, pro-military demonstrators in Tahrir Square and soldiers deploying in armored personnel carriers across the capital.
The crowds had turned out in Cairo and other Egyptian cities in response to a call by the defense minister, Gen. Abdul-Fattah el-Sisi, for mass demonstrations he said would give him a “mandate” to fight terrorism, a phrase widely understood to mean crackdowns on the Brotherhood.
The mass gathering was another blow to the Arab world’s most prominent Islamist group, which until recently was the major political force in government, having repeatedly won elections after the country’s uprising two years ago.
The Brotherhood and several Western and Arab diplomats had called for the military, which has held Mr. Morsi incommunicado since his ouster three weeks ago, to release him as a good-will gesture, in hopes of brokering a compromise that would end the standoff between Islamists and the military. That now seems almost impossible, analysts say, with indications that the military is carrying out investigations geared toward a broader legal assault on the Brotherhood.
“This is a preparation for eliminating the Brotherhood,” said Emad Shahin, a political science professor at the American University in Cairo.
The Brotherhood responded defiantly on Friday, with pro-Morsi marches taking place along dozens of planned routes in Cairo and other cities. The group has continued to demand Mr. Morsi’s reinstatement as a precondition for any negotiations and labeled General Sisi’s plea for street demonstrations as a call to “civil war.” Its leaders insist that they are not seeking violence. Their marches, which regularly snarl busy Cairo streets, have become increasingly confrontational, setting the stage for the violent clashes overnight.
“Our blood and souls we will sacrifice for Islam,” some pro-Morsi protesters chanted, while others chanted his name and held posters bearing his face.
In Tahrir Square, by contrast, posters bearing General Sisi’s face bobbed above the crowd, amid a mood of aggressive nationalism that has gripped much of Egypt since the military removed Mr. Morsi. Crowds began gathering early in the day, with protesters hugging the soldiers guarding the entrances to the square and posing for pictures with them. Television networks delayed daytime serials broadcast during the holy month of Ramadan, to encourage people to join the anti-Brotherhood demonstrations.
The two protest camps also clashed on Friday in the port city of Alexandria, where seven people were reported dead and scores were injured.
Well over 100 people have been killed in clashes between supporters and opponents of the Brotherhood in the last month, including a polarizing episode on July 8 in which soldiers and police officers fired on Brotherhood members and killed 62.
Mayy El Sheikh contributed reporting from Cairo and Gerry Mullany contributed from Hong Kong.


Ministry of Interior ‏@moi_bahrain 1h
MOI won’t hesitate to take measures to protect security, civil peace, freedom of expression from exploitations #Bahrain
Al Wefaq released through its twitter account that the number of deaths was 100, while the sermon mentioned that they were 120 #Bahrain
Ministry of Interior ‏@moi_bahrain 1h
Raids of homes and arrest of individuals are done in conditions allowed by the law #Bahrain
Ministry of Interior ‏@moi_bahrain 1h
MOI hasn’t received any sexual harassment cases against its personnel #Bahrain
Ministry of Interior ‏@moi_bahrain 1h
The sermon of Al Wefaq General Secretary included many baseless and exaggerated incidents. This was unacceptable insult to authorities
Ministry of Interior ‏@moi_bahrain 1h
MOI is focused on law enforcement to protect public security, lives and money through measures to prevent and control crimes #Bahrain
 Ministry of Interior ‏@moi_bahrain 1h
151 rallies & gatherings authorized in 2012, while many turned violent with terrorism & attacks against individuals property #Bahrain

Ministry of Interior ‏@moi_bahrain 1h
Assistant Undersecretary of Legal Affairs: Constitution Protects the Freedom of Expression http://www.policemc.gov.bh/en/news_details.aspx?type=1&articleId=19299

July 27, 2013
Response to allegations of Ali Salman:
In response to the allegations of the General Secretary of Al Wefaq National Islamic Society in the Friday sermon on July 26 at Al Sadiq Mosque in Deraz, in which he alleged that comprehensive stability in the Kingdom is hindered by complications and situations, including repressive measures that led to victims and the death of around 120 persons, raids of houses, arbitrary arrest of citizens, prevention of the freedom of people to protest in open vital areas through the use of freedom-restricted laws that violate the International Covenant on Civil and Political ights, the Assistant Undersecretary of Legal Affairs at the Interior Ministry said that the specialty of the
Interior Ministry is focused on law enforcement to protect public security, lives, money and honors through measures to prevent and control crimes. He said that force has been used only in an appropriate way to implement the law. 
He said that the sermon included many baseless and exaggerated incidents. This, he said was unacceptable insult to authorities. He said that the Interior Ministry hasn’t received any sexual harassment cases against its personnel, while raids of homes and arrest of individuals are done in conditions allowed by the law. He said that suspected death cases in riots and attacks of security forces are around 30 cases.  All the cases were referred to the Public Prosecution for investigation and law enforcement.
The inaccuracy of the sermon is clear in the contradiction of information, in which Al Wefaq released through its twitter account that the number of deaths was 100, while the sermon mentioned that they were 120.
The Ministry is dedicated to allow the right of gathering and peaceful demonstration. It also provides protection of such right and doesn’t interfere unless there are violations that could harm lives and money.
The Interior Ministry gave permission for 151 rallies and gatherings in main areas and roads in 2012 in the Kingdom, while many of them turned violent with terrorism and attacks against individuals and private and public property that led to injuries among security forces. The Ministry authorized this year 60 rallies and gathering in various areas in Bahrain and not in deserts or cemeteries as highlighted by the General Director of Al Wefaq General Secretary.
The Assistant Undersecretary affirmed that local legislations meet international conventions that regulate the right of peaceful gathering, in which Article 21 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights that Bahrain joined in 2006 states:  “The right of peaceful assembly shall be recognized. No restrictions may be placed on ‎the exercise of this right other than those imposed in conformity with the law and ‎which are necessary in a democratic society in the interests of national security or ‎public safety, public order (ordre public), the protection of public health or morals or ‎the protection of the rights and freedoms of others.‎"
This meet also article 28/b of the constitution of Bahrain that states: “Public meetings, parades and assemblies are permitted under the rules ‎and conditions laid down by law, but the purposes and means of the meeting ‎must be peaceful and must not be prejudicial to public decency.” It also meets article 1 of decree law (18) of 1973 that was amended by a law 32 of 2006 on public meetings, rallies and gatherings that states: “Public meetings are permitted in accordance to conditions and situations decided in this law.”
Many countries in the international and regional levels set laws to practice such rights to prevent violations, including the Public Order Act in the Wales in Britain, Singapore's Public Order Act and the laws governing public meetings and demonstrations and gatherings in force in Egypt, Kuwait, Qatar, Jordan, Tunisia. All those laws penalizes violations. This affirms inaccuracy of the sermon and that came against international, regional and local legislations and spread wrong information.
The Assistant Undersecretary of Legal Affairs concluded by affirmed that the Interior Ministry is dedicated to protect security and general order and safety, hence it won’t hesitate to take procedures and measures to protect security, stability, civil peace, freedom of expression from exploitations out of constitutional and legal responsibility of the Ministry.


#Bahrain @YouTube_Bahrain 1h
I liked a @YouTube video http://youtu.be/cXBnqp9y6wQ?a  قوات المرتزقة تقمع بالرصاص الإنشطاري .. وثوار
Ministry of Interior @moi_bahrain 1h A police patrol was attacked witu a gun by a group of terrorists in Deraz. After dealing with them two guns were found #Bahrain

Ministry of Interior ‏@moi_bahrain 1h
A terror act on burning a minibus on Shaikh Salman road near Al Salhiya, police at the scene #Bahrain

Ministry of Interior ‏@moi_bahrain 1h
Terror act of detonation of a homemade bomb at the entrance of Al Quraya on Janabiya road. 3 policemen injured, police at the scene @Bahrain

S.Yousif Almuhafda ‏@SAIDYOUSIF 1h
There were 10's of protests today in different areas demanding right to self determination, justice, and
human rights #Bahrain"
S.Yousif Almuhafda ‏@SAIDYOUSIF 1h
#BCHR documented 25 pellet injuries yesterday, 2 critical. 20 house raids, 5 ppl abducted from their homes. New check points set up #bahrain
Chelsea Imran Draws ‏@ChelseaDraws 4h
PIC: #AlWefaq terrorists used rocket launcher on police in Diraz last nite #Bahrain #GCC @BarackObama @WilliamJHague pic.twitter.com/iRgx0Tl7qN
Chelsea Imran Draws ‏@ChelseaDraws 4h
Homemade rocket launcher attack on police by #AlWefaq terrorists last nite #Bahrain #GCC @BarackObama @WilliamJHague pic.twitter.com/ejNGruJWGV



Maryam Alkhawaja @MARYAMALKHAWAJA 1h
Hussain Abdulla, 24 yrs old, was shot in eye in , at the hospital now, we hold the authorities responsible for his wellbeing

Ministry of Interior @moi_bahrain 1h
A car of a citizen was attacked with a homemade projectile on Budaiya road

Tunisian politician Mohamed Brahmi assassinated


AlwefaqEN ‏@AlWefaqEN 1h 1-I'd like to send out some apologies to the people of #Bahrain whom have legitimate rights to any political structure or country.
AlwefaqEN ‏@AlWefaqEN 1h 2-I apologise,for even though we did all we can, we are sorry O' Source of all powers that you authority right is still confiscated
AlwefaqEN ‏@AlWefaqEN 1h 3-We are sorry dear people,Despite all efforts throughout the years,we still haven't been able to stop theft of the people's money
AlwefaqEN ‏@AlWefaqEN 1h 4-Your money is still being stolen along with your lands. Your shores are plundered under your eye-sight. #Bahrain
AlwefaqEN ‏@AlWefaqEN 1h 5-We are sorry,that when you are the people of this country,you get stopped at a point & assaulted by whom can't even speak Arabic
AlwefaqEN ‏@AlWefaqEN 1h 6-We are sorry that there are mercenaries in #Bahrain that torture, kill & practice collective punishment against people of Bahrain.
AlwefaqEN ‏@AlWefaqEN 1h 7- We are sorry,parents of whom have sacrificed their lives for #Bahrain ,for we still haven't put those guilty of your loss to fair trials
AlwefaqEN ‏@AlWefaqEN 1h 8-To those who are behind bars, we are sorry that we are still unable to give you #freedom, so you can live the life you deserve.
AlwefaqEN ‏@AlWefaqEN 1h 9-To our brothers and sons that are tortured daily for false confessions & to revenge of them,as documented by #BICI .We are sorry #Bahrain
AlwefaqEN ‏@AlWefaqEN 1h 10-To Rayhana and all women behind bars, we are sorry that your honor and modesty are being exposed with no one to deter that
AlwefaqEN ‏@AlWefaqEN 1h 12-We apologize to all victims of the continuous daily repression, please accept our apology for we have done all we can #BahrainEspandi Riduci Risposta 

AlwefaqEN ‏@AlWefaqEN 1h 11-To those who were suspended from there jobs and still haven't been reinstated, We are sorry #Bahrain
AlwefaqEN ‏@AlWefaqEN 1h 13-We promise to do our best for you to gain your legitimate rights,for justice, just like what was recommended by the #BICI Report #Bahrain
AlwefaqEN ‏@AlWefaqEN 1h 14-Do these apologies mean failure?! As i said before, we and others have done all we can to correct this situation. #Bahrain


Female genital mutilation: 30 million girls 'at risk'

Hudan Mohammed Ali, 6, screams in pain while undergoing circumcision in Hargeisa (archive shot) The challenge is to let people - men and women - have their voices heard on the issue, Unicef says

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More than 30 million girls are at risk of being subjected to female genital mutilation (FGM) over the next decade, a study by Unicef has found.
It said more than 125 million girls and women alive today had undergone a procedure now opposed by the majority in countries where it was practised.
Ritual cutting of girls' genitals is practised by some African, Middle Eastern and Asian communities in the belief it protects a woman's virginity.
Unicef wants action to end FGM.
The UN Children Fund survey, described as the most comprehensive to date on the issue, found that support for FGM was declining amongst both men and women.
FGM "is a violation of a girl's rights to health, well-being and self-determination," said Unicef deputy executive director Geeta Rao Gupta,
"What is clear from this report is that legislation alone is not enough."

'Speak out loudly'

The report, 'Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: A statistical overview and exploration of the dynamics of change', was released in Washington DC.
The study, which pulled together 20 years of data from the 29 countries in Africa and the Middle East where FGM is still practised, found girls were less likely to be cut than they were some 30 years ago.
They were three times less likely than their mothers to have been cut in Kenya and Tanzania, and rates had dropped by almost half in Benin, the Central African Republic, Iraq, Liberia and Nigeria.
But FGM remains almost universal in Somalia, Guinea, Djibouti and Egypt and there was little discernible decline in Chad, Gambia, Mali, Senegal, Sudan or Yemen, the study found.
However, it did find that most girls and women, and a significant number of boys and men, opposed the practice. In Chad, Guinea and Sierra Leone more men than women wanted to see an end to the practice.
"The challenge now is to let girls and women, boys and men speak out loudly and clearly and announce they want this harmful practice abandoned," said Ms Rao Gupta.
The report recommends opening up the practice to greater public scrutiny so that entrenched social attitudes to it can be challenged.
In some communities FGM, also known as female circumcision, is seen as a traditional ritual used culturally to ensure virginity and to make a woman marriageable.
It typically involves procedures that alter or injure female genital organs and is often carried out by traditional circumcisers, who play other central roles in communities.
The dangers of FGM include severe bleeding, problems urinating,
infections, infertility and increased risk of newborn deaths in childbirth.

Map showing female genital mutilation/cutting prevalence in Africa and the Middle East


UAE pardons Norwegian woman jailed in Dubai after reporting rape

(Reuters) - The United Arab Emirates has pardoned a Norwegian woman who was sentenced to jail for illicit sex after she reported being raped by a colleague while on a visit to Dubai, the Norwegian foreign minister said on Monday.
Marte Deborah Dalelv, 24, had been awaiting an appeal hearing of her 16-month sentence handed down this month after a court in the Gulf Arab emirate found her guilty of having sex outside marriage, drinking and making false statements.
"I warmly welcome that Marte Dalelv was pardoned by the ruler of Dubai today. The fight for human rights for all continues," Norway's foreign minister, Espen Barth Eide, said on his Twitter account.
Eide had told reporters Oslo believed the verdict was "completely unacceptable" and said it was contrary to human rights and the basic sense of justice.
Dalelv herself spoke of her relief and delight at the decision. "I am very very happy ... I don't know when I will get to go home, but I'll leave as soon as possible," she told Norwegian state broadcaster NRK. "I am free, finally."
News of the sentence had dominated the front pages in Norway and raised questions about the judicial system in the Gulf state, which attracts large numbers of expatriates and tourists with a Western lifestyle but has little-publicized conservative laws covering sex and alcohol.
Authorities from Dubai's public prosecutor's office had no immediate comment.
Dalelv, who has been staying at a Norwegian Christian center in Dubai pending the appeal, said a male colleague pulled her into his hotel room and raped her after she asked him to help her find her own room when they had a few drinks.
Dalelv said she had chosen to speak about her case in public to warn others of the risks involved in rape cases in the Gulf state.
In the United Arab Emirates, as in some other countries using Islamic law, a rape conviction can require either a confession or the testimony of four adult male witnesses.
(Reporting by Amena Bakr and Sami Aboudi in Dubai; Balazs Koranyi in Oslo Editing by Alison Williams)

European Union Adds Hezbollah to Terror List

BRUSSELS — European Union foreign ministers Monday added the military wing of the Lebanese Shiite militant group Hezbollah to a list of terrorist organizations.
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“It is good that the E.U. has decided to call Hezbollah what it is: a terrorist organization,” Frans Timmermans, the Dutch foreign minister, said in a statement shortly after the decision.
The move would have the effect of “limiting its capacity to act,” said Mr. Timmermans, referring to Hezbollah.
The decision to put members of Hezbollah on the European Union terror list required the unanimous consent of the bloc’s 28 members. Sanctions are expected to include travel bans and asset freezes.
Britain led the effort after a terrorist attack in Bulgaria a year ago that killed five Israeli tourists and their Bulgarian driver and the conviction in March of a Hezbollah operative in Cyprus for plotting a similar attack. Britain said the attack and planning of the second attack were carried out on European Union soil, leaving members with no other choice than to blacklist the military wing.
Israel, the Netherlands and the United States, which already list Hezbollah as a terrorist organization, pressed hard for the bloc’s member states to follow suit.
The decision, long sought by Israel, follows another move last week by the European Union that upset the Israeli government: imposing financing restrictions to push Israel to resolve its conflict with the Palestinians.
Support for the sanctions against Hezbollah grew in recent months because of the group’s strong support for President Bashar al-Assad of Syria in his military campaign against a two-year uprising.
To reach the decision, Ireland and Austria were among the countries that dropped their opposition. Both countries have peacekeepers in the Middle East patrolling cease-fire zones like those separating Israel from Lebanon and Syria.
Those countries were wary of destabilizing Lebanon by cracking down on militant elements like Hezbollah, and of eroding their own influence on events there.


A convoy of trucks heads to Aleppo carrying food for 25,000 people affected by this weekend's clashes.


S.Yousif Almuhafda @SAIDYOUSIF 1h
picture of the collective punishment yesterday in demestan village


Sudan’s Bashir Leaves Nigeria Amid Arrest Calls

Sudan’s President Omar al-Bashir has left Nigeria ahead of an African Union (AU) summit there, following protests for his arrest on charges of genocide in Darfur.
On Monday a human rights group filed a case in a Nigerian court in efforts to compel the government to arrest al-Bashir and hand him over to the International Criminal Court (ICC). Bashir was in Nigeria attending an AU summit conference on health due to end on Tuesday.
The Nigerian Coalition for the International Criminal Court (NCICC) had filled a case in the High Court wanting the government to capture Mr Bashir.
Sudanese envoys accompanying Mr Bashir said he left because he had another engagement to attend to, denying reports that his early departure from Nigeria was to evade arrest.
“He’s the bravest,” Sudan’s ambassador to the African Union Abdelrahman Sirelkhatim Mohamed, was quoted by the AFP news agency saying. “If he’s afraid of arrest, he would not have come here.”
The ICC had issued a statement on Tuesday, asking the Nigerian authorities to immediately arrest Bashir before he left the country and surrender him to the Hague-based court.
“The Chamber recalled that Nigeria is a State party to the Rome Statute since 2001, and has the obligation to execute the Court’s orders” read the statement.
Bashir had arrived in the capital, Abuja, on Sunday to a reception of a full guard of honour from the Nigerian government to attend the summit. He was among the eight African leaders who attended and was expected to make his presentation on Monday at the conference convened to look at ways to curb malaria, Aids and tuberculosis in Africa.
The Nigerian presidential spokesman Reuben Abati said that Mr Bashir was in the country at the AU’s invitation and not Nigeria’s. he said Nigeria had allowed him into the country in accordance with an AU decision not to cooperate with the ICC.
The NCICC chairman Chino Obiagwu said “Nigeria was in breach of its international obligations by failing to arrest him, and was fuelling a culture of impunity.”
The ICC issued an arrest warrant in 2009 for Mr Bashir alongside three others, for charges of genocide in Darfur region of Sudan. An estimated 300,000 have died and some 2.7 million others displaced since the conflict broke out in 2003.
Sudanese government is accused of backing the region’s Arab militias, against a black community in a conflict over rights of land and access to resources in the region that spanned for 10 years.

Kuwait blogger sentence upheld

Sarra to take case to cassation court
  • By Habib Toumi, Bureau Chief
  • Image Credit:
  • Sarra, Kuwaiti blogger sentence upheld- Al Aan
Manama: Kuwait’s court of appeals has upheld a jail sentence against a female blogger on charges of undermining the status of the Emir.
The court said that Sarra Al Darees would have to spend 20 months in prison after she posted four tweets deemed offensive to the country’s ruler. A lower court issued the initial sentence in May.
According to the public prosecution, the blogger had used her microblog account and her mobile to abuse the Emir on several occasions.
She was found guilty of posting four tweets “tarnishing the Emiri authority” but she was declared innocent of making 44 other tweets for which she was investigated. The tweets were posted on her personal Twitter account, local media reported.
Other charges levelled against her included taking part in an unlicensed rally and the misuse of her mobile phone.
Her mother, Aisha Al Ali, said that the tweets posted by her daughter were “basically to express concern about the future of Kuwait.”
She added that her daughter would take the case to the court of cassation.
Several bloggers stood trial in Kuwait after they posted tweets deemed offensive to the Emir, mainly during the bitter stand-off between the opposition and the government over the merit of amending the 2006 electoral law.
Under the amendment, voters could elect only one candidate instead of four as was case until October.
However, the opposition charged that the amendment was introduced to limit its power and organised a series of rallies and demonstrations in October and November ahead of the parliamentary elections on December 1 to put pressure on the government and have the amendment decree revoked.
Even though the opposition pressed for the boycott of the elections, the government said that they were successful.
During the heyday of the standoff, the authorities warned that they would take legal action against those who challenged the state “outside the confines of the law” or “undermined the status of the Emir.”

Saudi rights activist Iman al-Qahtani given travel ban

Iman al-Qahtani's face from a Twitter account in her name Iman al-Qahtani has come under fire for live-tweeting court proceedings

A Saudi Arabian activist and journalist has been banned from travelling abroad.
In a message on Twitter, Iman al-Qahtani said she had been stopped from flying to Istanbul. Only then, she said, was she told of her travel ban.
Ms Qahtani has been outspoken in her support for fellow human rights campaigners in the Arabian kingdom.
Saudi officials were said to have been unhappy with her reporting. In April, she said she would stop tweeting to protect her family from reprisals.
In a brief, dramatic tweet, she told her followers she was doing it for her mother's sake.
Live-tweeting trials
There were reports Ms Qahtani had been coming under pressure from the security services over her reporting of the trials of two leading Saudi human rights activists, Mohammad al-Qahtani and Abdullah al-Hamid.
The two men founded the Saudi Civil and Political Rights Association (ACPRA). They were tried on a variety of charges including breaking their allegiance to the king and setting up an unlicensed organisation.
Iman Qahtani was among a group of activists and journalists who live-tweeted the hearings, posting pictures from inside the court. This allowed a rare transparency for the legal process in Saudi Arabia.
One of the judges originally ordered Ms Qahtani's arrest for providing false information, although this charge was later dropped.
Both the ACPRA founders were finally found guilty and given sentences of 10-11 years in jail.
Several other rights activists have been imprisoned in the past two years - indication the Saudi authorities are taking a harder line on dissent in the wake of the Arab Spring upheavals.
Iman Qahtani's silence on Twitter had raised concerns for her.
Now, she has broken that silence - if only to show she is clearly being closely observed by the security services.
A travel ban is a common penalty in Saudi Arabia for those who are believed to be stirring political unrest.
On Twitter, there have been messages of support from Saudi tweeters for Iman Qahtani, as well as fears expressed that the government's campaign to silence critical voices is intensifying.

Dubai sentences Norwegian woman who reported rape


A Norwegian woman has spoken out about the 16-month prison sentence she received in Dubai after reporting a rape incident to police.

Interior designer Marte Deborah Dalelv was on a business trip in Dubai when she says she was raped.
The 24-year-old reported the March attack to the police but found herself charged with having extramarital sex, drinking alcohol, and perjury.
Convicted earlier this week, she says she is appealing against the verdict.
The appeal hearing is scheduled for early September.
Describing the sentence as "very harsh", she told the AFP news agency: "I am very nervous and tense. But I hope for the best and I take one day at a time. I just have to get through this."
The case has angered rights groups and the authorities in Norway.
Ms Dalelv says she had been on a night out with colleagues on 6 March when the rape took place.
She reported it to the police, who proceeded to confiscate her passport and seize her money. She was charged four days later on three counts, including having sex outside marriage.
File photo of Dubai Dubai's cosmopolitan atmosphere belie deeply conservative roots
Her alleged attacker, she said, received a 13-month sentence for extra-marital sex and alcohol consumption.
The Norwegian government had secured Ms Dalelv's conditional release so, since being charged, she has been living under the protection of the Norwegian Seamans' Centre in Dubai.
But she told Norway's NRK News that following her sentencing on Tuesday she was now officially wanted by the Dubai authorities.
"I should have been imprisoned since Tuesday," she said. "But I have been told they are not searching for me."
The sentence has been condemned by Norway's Foreign Minister Espen Barth Eide who is quoted as saying that it "flies in the face of our notion of justice" and was "highly problematic from a human rights perspective".
The Norwegian authorities are reportedly trying to contact the authorities in Dubai about the situation.
The London-based Emirates Centre for Human Rights called on the United Arab Emirates (UAE), to which Dubai belongs, to quash Ms Dalelv's conviction.
It said the UAE's claims that it is attempting to end discrimination against women was undermined by a legal system that "prohibits the achievement of justice for cases of sexual violence against women".
According to the Emirates Centre for Human Rights, UAE law states a rape conviction can only be secured after a confession or as the result of testimony from four adult male witnesses to the crime.
Dubai has undergone a rapid transformation in recent years, emerging as a five-star trade and tourism destination with its tax-free salaries and year-round sunshine.
It is now one of the world's most cosmopolitan cities with foreign workers and visitors greatly outnumbering the local population.
But it remains a deeply conservative region, and its strict laws have caught out foreigners in the past. Public displays of affection and drunkenness are frowned upon.
A British couple, Ayman Najafi and Charlotte Adams, were jailed for a month in 2010 after they shared what Mr Najafi described as an "innocuous peck on the cheek" in a restaurant. A witness said they had kissed on the mouth.
Another British couple, Vince Acors and Michelle Palmer, were jailed for three months in 2008 for having sex on a public beach - an allegation they denied.


  1. S.Yousif Almuhafda @SAIDYOUSIF 1h
  2. Now nuwadrat under attack and house raids in DURAZ

  1. Horrifying situation in tonight; tear gas filling the air, mercenaries spreading in the area, house raids, women screaming
Maryam Alkhawaja @MARYAMALKHAWAJA 2h
Maybe we'll hear Ban Ki Moon say something about the 65 people shot w pellets, some critically injured

Bahrain: Policeman, protesters wounded in clashes

Hundreds take part in protests that lasted until early hours
  • AFP
  • Image Credit: AP
  • A Bahraini anti-government protester carrying a petrol bomb and a makeshift shield , confronts riot police (unseen) during clashes in Diraz, Bahrain, early Friday, July 19, 2013. A bombing outside a mosque near the royal palaces has rattled Bahrain, prompting authorities and main opposition groups in the violence-wracked Gulf kingdom to denounce the attack. (AP Photo/Hasan Jamali)
Manama: Bahraini security forces clashed with anti-government protesters early Friday, leaving several people wounded including a policeman who was shot with a home-made gun, the interior ministry and witnesses said.
Hundreds took part in protests that erupted late Thursday and lasted until the early hours of Friday across several Shiite villages after a call was issued by the opposition February 14 Coalition youth group, witnesses and activists said.
Police fired birdshots to disperse the protesters, witnesses said, while the interior ministry said on Twitter that “security forces confronted a terror group in Diraz” village near Manama during clashes that left a policeman wounded after he was shot with a home-made gun.
Activists said dozens more were wounded in the clashes, but no official toll was immediately available.
On Wednesday, a car bomb exploded outside a Sunni mosque in a neighbourhood where the royal court is situated but caused no casualties, the interior ministry said.
After the bombing, the interior ministry announced it had banned a rally which was planned by the opposition for Friday in the Shiite villages of Khamis and Sar.

Bahrain rattled by bombing near royal palaces

Explosion at Shaikh Eisa Bin Salman Mosque in Riffa prompts widespread condemnation
  • By Habib Toumi, Bureau Chief

  • Image Credit:
  • The car used in the explosion at a mosque parking area - BNA
Manama: A booby-trapped car which exploded in a mosque parking area near the royal residences has rattled Bahrain, prompting widespread condemnation.
“The explosion occurred on Wednesday evening at 8.20 while there were people praying at the mosque in Riffa,” the interior ministry said in a statement. “The security authorities rushed to the scene as soon as the case was reported. The investigation will continue to identify the suspects and bring them to justice,” the ministry said, quoting the Director-General of the Southern Governorate Police.
The bombing at the Shaikh Eisa Bin Salman Mosque in Riffa, 15 kilometres south of the capital Manama, was promptly condemned.
King Hamad Bin Eisa Al Khalifa directed the security services to take the necessary measures to enforce the law towards those who perpetrated the act of terror targeting innocent people performing their Taraweeh (Ramadan evening) prayers, the Bahrain News Agency (BNA) reported.
The monarch also called for the full application of the law against those who incited, participated and assisted in the acts during Ramadan, the official news agency added.
Such acts are alien to the values and morals of the people of Bahrain, who have had enough of them, the king said.
No one was injured in the attack.
Prime Minister Prince Khalifa Bin Salman Al Khalifa said that the bombing was “an ugly and despicable terrorist act that targeted a house of God and its worshippers in a cheap attempt to drag the country into a sectarian and doctrinal situation that is religiously unacceptable and officially and popularly condemnable.”
“Such attempts that are considered a dangerous escalation in the acts of terror will not succeed to defeat the determination of the people and the resolve of the government keen on resisting them,” Prince Khalifa was quoted as saying by the BNA. “The higher interests of the nation require a high sense of patriotic responsibility and acts in order to confront those who attempt to undermine relations between the people of Bahrain.”
Crown Prince Salman Bin Hamad Al Khalifa said that all people should speak out against violence and terror.
“The community leaders who lapse into silence should assume their responsibilities,” he said. “We are not at all pleased with the leaders who incite violence and are not serious about reaching an accord. Those who are genuinely sincere about a consensus should condemn and ban violence,” he said.
Al Wefaq, the largest opposition society, condemned the bombing, saying that it was a dangerous development “alien to the character of the Bahraini people.”
“We stand against any acts or plans of violence and such an act is against the peaceful nature of the Bahraini society,” Al Wefaq said.
Parliament Speaker Khalifa Al Dahrani said that the explosion was “a dangerous sectarian act to undermine security and national unity”.
Several religious scholars joined the chorus of condemnation and warned of the dangerous consequences of the bombing.
The car blast concluded a day of acts of violence in Bahrain that started with a company being set ablaze in the Budaya area, west of Manama, at 3.14am.
The police said that cylinders were used in the arson attack.
The car blast and the arson attack were the latest in a recent series of assaults on public figures and places in the kingdom rocked by months of unrest.
On Monday assailants attempted to set on fire the home of MP Abbas Eisa Al Madhi, the chairman of parliament’s Services Committee, in the coastal village of Dair in Muharraq, the country’s second largest island.
— with inputs from AP




"Nelson Mandela’s achievements came at great personal cost to himself and his family. His sacrifice not only served the people of his own nation, South Africa, but made the world a better place for all people, everywhere… He showed the way. He changed the world."
- Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon

Take Action!  Inspire Change

pledge card
Can you spare 67 minutes of your time helping others?
Every year, on Mandela Day, people around the world are asked by the Nelson Mandela Foundation to do just that.
By devoting 67 minutes of their time – one minute for every year of Mr. Mandela’s public service – people can make a small gesture of solidarity with humanity and a step towards a global movement for good.
UN staff around the world have made a difference through a variety of activities in the past – from offering school supplies to children, to preparing meals for the elderly, helping out in an orphanage, cleaning up parks, and delivering computer literacy workshops.
In New York, UN staff will volunteer their time on 17 and 18 July 2013 to help rebuild homes destroyed by Hurricane Sandy last fall.
Last year, staff from UN Headquarters in New York volunteered at the Bowery Mission, preparing and serving food to homeless men and women.
In New York, the previous year, visitors to the Nelson Mandela International Day interactive exhibit at UN Headquarters were invited to make their own pledge to devote 67 minutes of their time to public service.
If you would like to donate your own time to public service, here are some things you can do to take action and inspire change:
  • Make a new friend. Get to know someone from a different cultural background. Only through mutual understanding can we rid our communities of intolerance and xenophobia.
  • Read to someone who can’t. Visit a local home for the blind and open up a new world for someone else.
  • Help out at the local animal shelter. Dogs without homes still need a walk and a bit of love.
  • Help someone get a job. Put together and print a CV for them, or help them with their interview skills.
  • Many terminally ill people have no one to speak to. Take a little time to have a chat and bring some sunshine into their lives.
  • Get tested for HIV and encourage your partner to do so too.
  • Take someone you know, who can’t afford it, to get their eyes tested or their teeth checked.
  • Donate a wheelchair or guide dog, to someone in need.
  • Buy a few blankets, or grab the ones you no longer need from home and give them to someone in need.
To see all 67 suggestions for action, visit the Nelson Mandela Foundation site.

Mandela to mark 95th birthday in hospital



Nelson Mandela is set to spend his 95th birthday in hospital Thursday, but across the world admirers hope to honour their icon’s legacy through millions of acts of kindness.
In Mandela’s native South Africa, biker gangs will clean streets, volunteers will paint schools and politicians will spend 67 minutes on worthy projects in a tidal wave of charity to mark his 67 years of public service.
The United Nations declared the Nobel peace laureate’s birthday Mandela Day in 2010, but for many this year it takes on extra poignancy.
Mandela has spent the last six weeks in a Pretoria hospital, where he is still in a critical but stable condition. Breathing with the help of a machine, family and friends have said he is now responding to treatment. His successor as president, Thabo Mbeki, even suggested he might be discharged from hospital soon.
But a day away from his 95th birthday, that seems optimistic to many after four hospitilisations in a year. ”I just hope that although he may not be able to enjoy his 95th birthday, that he will be well enough for his 96th” said friend and fellow campaigner George Bizos told AFP.
Children in schools around South Africa will begin their day by singing “Happy Birthday” to the former statesman.
According to a survey released Wednesday, 89 percent of young South Africans plan to take part in some way.
Near Pretoria, South African President Jacob Zuma will also do his bit.
He will try to channel Mandela’s cross-community appeal by delivering government housing to poor whites.
Global luminaries, pop stars and companies also plan to pledge support.
“I will also be giving my 67 minutes to make the world a better place, one small step at a time,” British business magnate Richard Branson pledged in a recorded message.
In Manila, 50 abandoned street children will get a television studio tour and see performances by local artists.
On Saturday, Australian city Melbourne will hold a concert featuring local and African artists, while a music festival later this year in Norway will promote equality in schools.
Born July 18 in 1918, Mandela fought against white rule as a young lawyer and was convicted of treason in 1964. He spent the next 27 years in jail. But it was through his willingness to forgive his white jailers that Mandela made his indelible mark on history.
After negotiating an end to apartheid, he became South Africa’s first black president, drawing a line under centuries of colonial and racist suppression.
He then led reconciliation in the deeply divided country. Mandela’s peace-making spirit has won him worldwide respect.
“Never before in history was one human being so universally acknowledged in his lifetime as the embodiment of magnanimity and reconciliation as Nelson Mandela,” said archbishop emeritus Desmond Tutu, himself a Nobel peace laureate.
But the sunset of his life has been somewhat overshadowed by bitter infighting among his relatives.
A row over his final resting place has seen three of his children’s graves dug up and their remains moved, public brawling and legal action among his children and grandchildren.
In a televised address, his grandson Mandla accused a sibling of impregnating his wife and Mandela’s oldest daughter Makawize, of sowing divisions in the most famous family of South Africa.
Mandela’s oldest granddaughter Ndileka spoke of the pain caused by the rift in an interview published Wednesday.
“It was something that we did not want to take in the public space but because of who we are it was, it did spill over to the public space,” she told the BBC.
“There is no way that I can never forgive but it’s just that right now I’m still hurting.”



South Africa @SouthAfrica 1h
We’re already thinking of Madiba before his birthday in a few days. What do you think his greatest legacy is?


UN says Syria refugee crisis worst since Rwanda

Refugee camp in Jordan on 20 June 2013 
Some 1.8 million Syrians are seeking refuge in neighbouring countries - two-thirds of them have fled this year alone
The conflict in Syria has caused the world's worst refugee crisis for 20 years, with an average of 6,000 people fleeing every day in 2013, the UN says.
UN refugee chief Antonio Guterres said refugee numbers had not risen "at such a frightening rate" since the 1994 genocide in Rwanda.
He was speaking to the UN Security Council, which also heard that 5,000 people are being killed each month.
UN aid chief Valerie Amos said at least 6.8 million Syrians needed urgent help.
Forces loyal to President Bashar al-Assad are locked in a fierce battle with opposition fighters for control of the country.
There has been deadlock at the UN Security Council over the crisis, with Russia and China refusing to back action against Mr Assad proposed by the other veto powers, the US, Britain and France.
'No empty warning'
Mr Guterres said two-thirds of the nearly 1.8 million refugees registered with the UN had fled Syria since the beginning of the year - an average of 6,000 a day.
"We have not seen a refugee outflow escalate at such a frightening rate since the Rwandan genocide almost 20 years ago," he told a rare public briefing to the Security Council.
Mr Guterres said the impact of the refugee crisis on neighbouring countries was "crushing", but said the acceptance of Syrians by countries such as Lebanon, Jordan and Iraq was "saving hundreds of thousands of lives".
And he said the "danger that the Syrian conflict could ignite the whole region" was "not an empty warning".
The UN last month said nearly 93,000 people had been killed since the uprising began in March 2011.
The UN's assistant secretary general for human rights, Ivan Simonovic, told the meeting that some 5,000 lives were being claimed each month, demonstrating "a drastic deterioration of the conflict".
"In Syria today, serious human rights abuses, war crimes and crimes against humanity are the rule," he said.
Ms Amos said $3.1bn was still needed to provide aid in and around Syria for the rest of the year, and she accused both sides in Syria of "systematically and in many cases deliberately" failing in their obligation to protect civilians.
"We are not only watching the destruction of a country but also of its people," she said.
Syria's ambassador to the UN, Bashar Ja'afari, said his government was doing "everything possible... to meet the humanitarian needs and basic needs of its citizens".


How not to study sexualized violence in the DRC


How not to study sexualized violence in the DRC 0

Excerpt from a post Maria Hengeveld wrote over at Dan Moshenberg’s work blog Women and Beyond:
… Not all research carried out is actually helpful or constructive in reducing the violence, as Marsha Henry, points out, in her piece, `Ten Reasons not To Write your Masters Dissertation on Sexual Violence in War’: “Here’s another important reason not to write a dissertation on sexual violence as a weapon of war in the DRC. It’s been done already! Students continually ask me ‘can you suggest a couple of books on the subject?’. Where to start? There is so much to be said about gender and violence in militarised contexts more generally, but there has also been a great deal written about by a number of scholars. And it is precisely this body of knowledge that has sometimes been misanalysed by students. That is, although much of this writing has politically exposed the issue, students often read it as a holistic canon on the subject, interpreting the text as they wish. Dissertations often become regurgitated and simplistic snapshots of other work, reinforcing particular perspectives and portrayals and therefore contributing to the reification of the subject (missing a cogent assessment of narrative forms). A rhetorical stasis is created, where certain material and citations are circulated and re-circulated, with little new insight or critical perspective provided”.
One explanation for the disproportionately large interest in the DRC, compared to other conflicts, is the horror at the brutalities women have faced. If indeed this horror plays a key role in igniting students’ interest, how does that shape the findings and value of the final work? According to Henry, it does so in a troubling way: “Honing in on the bodily experience of rape, for example, can remove rape in war from the wider social, cultural, economic and political context in which it always takes place. It can be an abstraction of the total experience. The affective impact is that readers of these dissertations distance themselves from subjects in the studies.”
continue reading on Africa is a country
By Maria HengeveldAfrica is a country 

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Bahrain police attacked in Sitra and Janabiya


Two attacks in Shia-majority villages in the Gulf state of Bahrain have left one police officer dead and at least three others injured, officials say.
A bomb exploded at the police station in Sitra, killing one officer, while three police were injured in a petrol bomb attack in Janabiya.
More than 60 people have died since pro-democracy protests broke out in the island kingdom in February 2011.
Bahrain's ruling family is Sunni Muslim but most of the population are Shia.
Sitra, not far from the capital Manama, has been the scene of previous clashes between police and anti-government protesters.


A statement from the Bahrain News Agency, quoted by the AFP news agency, said two police officers had also been injured there.
In Janabiya, three police officers were hurt when their patrol was attacked with petrol bombs, the interior ministry said.
Later, the Interior Ministry said three policemen were injured when their patrol was hit by firebombs in another area of the strategic kingdom, which is home to the US Navy's 5th Fleet.
Youths armed with petrol bombs attack police on an almost nightly basis in villages and towns around the capital.
The police respond with teargas, stun grenades and birdshot but are frequently accused by the opposition of using excessive force against protesters.
The opposition says that helps fuel an ongoing cycle of violence.

Egypt: Mohamed ElBaradei

Nigeria Newsdesk @NigeriaNewsdesk 1h
[U-Vanguard] Nobelist Mohamed ElBaradei Named Egyptian Interim Prime Minister


Jihad Terror Triangle ... from Al-Sham to Baghdad

Bahrain Mirror: in March 2005, Mohamed Ibrahim Makawi the main expert of "Al-Qaeda" in the field of military strategies, which according to information; was a former expert in the strategies of war in the Egyptian army, published a document on the Internet titled " Al-Qaeda strategies for 2020". The document showed that Al-Qaeda had launched its main plan of initiating a campaign aimed at long-term jihad to rid the nation of the various forms of injustice; the campaign falls in five stages.
In the first stage, Al-Qaeda has sought to provoke, what Makawi described, "the Heavy American Elephant" to invade a Muslim land. 11 September attacks; which were planned at least since 1998; provoked the United States to launch an extensive attack on Afghanistan and later invade Iraq .
On the other hand, the second phase of the military plan was to re-awaken another "Giant Elephant" which is the Islamic nation itself. According to Makawi, the most effective way to achieve this is in attracting huge numbers of American troops to an Islamic land, which would raise the rage of the Islamic nation and generates an endemic hatred to America.
The third stage; according to Makawi, is by widening the circle of conflict to other parts of the region and to engage the United States in a long-term attrition war. The ultimate goal remains: the development of "jihad terror triangle", which begins in Afghanistan, passing through currently neutral Iran, to southern Iraq then southern Turkey and south Lebanon, all the way to Syria.
The fourth phase is the transformation of Al-Qaeda to a global network through regulatory changes inside Al-Qaeda, moving it further to the exterior of the international security system and its experience, transforming Al-Qaeda to a set of guiding principles that allows them to transcend all national boundaries and makes the establishment of affiliated organisations an exceptionally easy task.
The fifth stage predicts that the United States will extend in a manner beyond their huge historical capabilities, by fighting wars on multiple fronts while trying to secure the protection of the oil wells in the Gulf region and to maintain the security of Israel. Makawi indicates that the U.S. military budget will suffer catastrophic human loss, which will lead to an explosion of great powers at the domestic level.
* See other details about Al Qaeda's strategy for 2020 in the book: Al-Qaeda Secret Organisation, Abdul Bari Atwan, Dar Al-Saqi , 2007, from Pg. 311 to 313.
Bahrain Mirror: a phased project launched by members of the "Al-Asalah" Islamic Society: the current MP Abdel Halim Murad (+97333222006), Sheikh Faisal Al Ghurair (+97333222006), Khalid Al Balushi (+9736706000), and Abdul Karim Al Emadi (+97333111202). It aims to equip insurgents to fight in Syria, or to provide them with combat equipment, such as anti-aircraft missiles.
And those responsible for it are openly active, since 2012, aided by a number of volunteers, through the establishment of daily campaigns interspersed by auctions for fundraising in Bahraini mosques; which are: " Shikhan Al-Farsi Mosque" in Riffa, "Abu Hanifa Mosque " in Busaiteen, "Nadi Al-Sahel Mosque" in Hidd, "Sheikh Isa bin Ali Mosque" in Muharraq, "AlEsmah mosque" in Hamad Town, and "the Western Galali mosque" in Galali region; in addition to mosques in Isa Town and Manama. Murad oversees the donations that are held in "Shikhan mosque" in Riffa, while Al Ghurair oversees the campaign held in "Abu Hanifa Mosque "in Busaiteen, and those are the two main centres.
The value of the stock per share for the financial donation ranges from BHD 500 (about US$ 1,300) to 1,000 dinars (about US.$ 2,600).
Since the launch of the project in 2012, about 4 campaigns took place belonging to "Equipping Ghazi" project. The first campaign of the project was launched in mid-2012, and was aimed to buying anti-aircraft for fighters in Syria. The commander of Salafist "brigades of Al-Sham's Hawks" Abu Isa Al-Sheikh announced in August 2012 that Bahraini financiers donated to arm 85 fighter which he called 'invaders' in "AlZawya Mountain". In another announcement for an armed squad, who did not reveal its name, stated that "it received aid from Bahraini financiers for equipping anti-aircraft missiles". The value of an anti-aircraft is BHD 8,000 (about 21 thousand U.S. dollars).
In November 2012, the organizers of the project launched the second phase to train about 200 fighters, worth of BHD 1,000 per share, including a total of BHD 200 thousand (about half a million U.S. dollars).
In January 2013, the third phase was launched, under the title "those who equip an invader are invaders" to arm 300 fighters, worth BHD 1,000 per share, including a total of BHD 300 thousand (about 760 thousand U.S. dollars).
In March 2013, the fourth phase of the project was launched, which is the largest, and aims to equip 500 fighters, worth BHD 1,000 per share, including a total of BHD 500 dinars (about one million and 300 thousand U.S. dollars).
On 9 June 2013, MP Abdel Halim Murad announced that operators of the project were able to sell about 370 of the offered shares. He said on his Twitter account @ Murad_bh "we happily announce that we have reached in "Al-Ghazi Project" to 370 fighters for Al-Quseer & Damascus", pointing out that the remaining is "130 shares of the closure of the campaign".
And he stated in a subsequent Tweet on14 June 2013 "we happily announce the entrance of quantities of quality gear and weapons to Syria, and the Mujahedeen began fighting the Christians and the Devil's Party with it".
In a statement by Dr. Faisal Al Ghurair, on 24 June 2013; "during the previous four months and to this date, more than 1530 fighter for AlGhazi project were armed". The cost of equipping this number of fighters is about one and a half million dinars (about 4 million U.S. dollars).

Bahrain: The ideology of Al-Qaeda is a symbol for Jihad in Sham and anti-aircrafts are the reason of our merciful aids!


"2-3" America’s Major non NATO Ally, Safe Haven for Al-Qaeda
05/07/2013م - 11:00 م - 440 قراءة

BahrainMirror: In October 2012, a video was widely viewed on the Internet showing Islamist Jihadists in Syria thanking Bahraini funders whom they said that they provided them with “anti-aircrafts”. An armed man declared, in a written statement “gratitude to our people in Bahrain, to all that they supplied such as equipment for Mujahidin and anti-aircrafts that helped us defend the territories of Muslims”.
Among dozens of long-bearded fighters, who wielded weapons ranging from light (RPG launchers) to heavy vehicles, he declared that “thanks to anti-aircrafts, the balance of the battles changed”.
In May of the same year, an armed group from Der-Al-Zour announced the formation of a combat faction under the name of “Battalion of the Honorable Bahrainis”. The group stated that “the battalion was named so, because of the support provided by our brethren in Bahrain, from both government and people to the Syrian revolution”.
At first glance, one thinks that this is a gesture the fighters wanted to deliver from faraway, as recognition of favours presented by their logistic supporters in Bahrain, most of which are strict Salafists. But in the interval from May 2012 to June 2013, many of video footages were found similar to the aforementioned footage.
Do the supporting Salafist groups in Bahrain have features that made them earn that magnitude of attention from the Jihadi factions in Syria? In fact, they do for, ever since mid-2012, the majority of donation campaigns held in Bahrain were directed to Syria as both financial and military logistic supply. This supply skips the obvious structure of the Syrian opposition represented by its international declared bodies and heads directly towards the Jihadist factions acting in the fields; the groups that are compatible to the ideology of the supporting groups.

1530 invaders in four months:
This type of support can be distinguished by the campaign that was launched under the name “Equipping
Invaders” which is held in almost six Bahraini Mosques. From this campaign, other campaigns branched, for example, “One Body Campaign”, but they all had a declared main goal: equipping fighters or financing them to go to Syria. In August 2012, the leader of Salafist "Sham Hawks" brigades Abu Issa Al-Sheikh announced in a video that Bahraini funders donated to equip 85 fighters in Jabal Al Zawiya (equipping one fighter costs BHD 1000 / about US$ 2600). In April 2013 Salafist Al-Zubair Bin Al-Awam battalion declared in a statement that it received 600 thousand Syrian lire from Bahraini funders (about US$ 6000).
In June of the same year Salafist "Lady Aisha" Battalion published a video in which it announced that it had received an amount of money equal to US$ 8000 from Bahraini funders.
Whereas the greatest of those campaigns, is the one that held the name "Equipping Invaders" under the supervision of members from Al-Asalah Islamic Society. Moreover, since the end of 2012, almost 4 rounds were organized for the campaign enabling the persons responsible to collect almost US$ 4 million by putting forth shares each having a value of BHD 1000 (about US$ 2600). Meanwhile the member of Al-Asalah Society Sheikh Faysal Al-Ghareer declared that "the number of fighters equipped in a time of 4 months was 1530 fighters".
In the latest announcement he made during a speech on the 28 August 2012, he said: "These funds achieved great victories in Sham, it shot down planes, and lots of other things that ought to be kept confidential."
Amidst all the above, five Bahrainis were killed while fighting with Al-Nusra front. Among those killed was a field commander during the battles that took place in Syria in May and June. The Bahraini fighters recognised were Abdurrahman Al-Hamad (19 years- from Rifa'), Abdul-Aziz Al-Othman (17 years from Arad), Abdurrahman Al-Othman (17 years- from Arad), and Abdul-Monem Ali (25 years- from Muharraq / of Syrian Origins).

Ideology of "Jihad" in Sham:
In March of 2005, the main expert in Al-Qaeda for military strategies "Muhammad Ibrahim Makkawi" published a document on the Internet "The strategy of Al-Qaeda in 2020", in which he displayed 5 stages of the long-term military plan adopted by Al-Qaeda. In this plan, the word Syria, along with Iraq and Afghanistan is one of the most important bedrocks of Triple Jihadism that Al-Qaeda is working on to exhaust the Americans.
Moreover, Makkawi (who is mentioned in several reports that as an ex-expert in the military strategies of the Egyptian Army) indicated that "the development of Triple Jihadism Terror starts in Afghanistan through Iran (currently neutral) passing in the South of Iraq and then south Turkey, South Lebanon, reaching Syria".
On the other hand, the announcements of the Salafist groups in Bahrain form an important gesture for Syria.
In a speech he delivered on 4 August 2012, the prominent MP from Al-Asalah bloc Sheikh Adel Al-Muawada considered that "the core cause of Islam today is in Sham".
Moreover, when he met Syrian Salafist fighters on 6 August, during the visit of a delegation from his political society, he told them "this revolution is not only for the sake of Syria, it is for Islam". Meanwhile, one of his escorts could not hold himself and screamed "Allah is the greatest… This Sham is blessed; this is the land of the brave, Jihad, and resistance". During a solidarity meeting held in Madinat Hamad, south Manama, on 25 August 2012, the Salafist preacher Sheikh Salah Al-Fayez stated that "Americans fear beards, we will practice Jihad, and we will establish an Islamic nation in Syria". He added that "this will happen even if America, the European Union, and Iran refused" dubbing them as "pigs and infidels".
He, moreover, stated that "there are no more shrines or Shiites; either we die or they do, Syria will be purified from Gnosticism, we will not co-live together".
On the 27 February 2012, the Bahraini preacher Hassan Al-Husseini broadcasted a video in which he recited a statement on behalf of Bahraini Sunnis, saying that "whoever is able to join the Free Syrian Army has to join".
As for the Jihadist preacher in Bahrain, Sheikh Adel Al-Hamad, he asked the youth to "seize the opportunity in summer and practice Jihad in the blessed territory.", considering that "Syria is the main cause of the Islamic nation" and that "fighting in Syria is Jihad for the sake of Allah" as he mentioned in a speech delivered on the 24 May 2013.
He said: "Remember that the men that fought with the prophet were all youth, don't miss the chance", adding "motivate people to practice Jihad, fight the Magus of this nation, Rawafid  (derogatory name of Shia) and Nasiriya everywhere".
It cannot be said for sure that these calls are literal for the ideology of Al-Qaeda regarding "Sham", but the death of five Bahrainis while fighting alongside its military arm "Al-Nusra Front" exclusively, may be a reason to ask such a question. There is no doubt that the lies of Al-Asalah delegation about the groups it met during its visit to Syria push one to ask more of such questions.

A lie has no legs… they did not meet with the Free Syrian Army
In august 2012, four members from Al-Asalah Salafist Society sneaked to the Syrian soil that was under the

 control of the opposition. They then announced that they "met the Free Army and handed them donations from Bahrain". On the contrary, the only videos published by the delegation showed that they met no one other than two radical groups in close relation with Al-Nusra Front. Moreover, the video published on the 6 August 2012 (the day the delegation arrived at Syria) clearly shows that they were welcomed by the leader of "Dauoud Brigade" who announced, in March, his intention of establishing an Islamic State. The latter also entered in several battles with Al-Nusra Front, including the battle by which Taftanaz Military Airport, the largest Military Airport in North Syria, was captured by the rebels.
In another video broadcasted on the 13 August, after the Bahraini delegation concluded its visit to Syria, where the MP Sheikh Adel Al-Muawada, along with Sheikh Hamad Al-Muhanadi, MP Abdul-Haleem Murad, and Sheikh Faysal Al-Ghareer appeared in a press conference with the leader of "Sham Hawks Brigades" Abu Issa Al-Sheikh. Al-Sheikh stated that the aforementioned members financed him "to equip 85 fighters". In reference to the brigades, battalions, and detachments of the Free Syrian Army through its official website on the Internet, none of them shows the affiliation of "Sham Hawks" to them. A study by Maher Al-Mouaness, a Syrian scholar, states that "it [Sham Hawks] works dependently, but it fights alongside each of Al-Nusra Front and the Free Army".
"The Time" published an interview with a chief in Al-Nusra Front in which he pointed out to one of the meetings that brought together the leader of the Front, Abu Muhammad Al-Julani, with "Sham Hawks Brigades". Moreover, the latter stated that it refused the American decision to enlist Al-Nusra Front on the list of terrorism, stressing that "Al-Nusra Front is just as the rest of the military fighting battalions".
Meanwhile, Al-Asalah delegation insisted in all of its announcements delivered by the members after returning to Manama, that the visit to Syria was to meet the Free Syrian Army and to support it. As for Sheikh Abdul-Haleem Murad, he declared in a speech delivered on the 28 August 2012 that "we went in a quick visit during which we delivered money from Bahrain to the Free Army".
He added that: "We are not afraid of doing so; we delivered the money to the Free Army so that it defends our dignity". Sheikh Faysal Al-Ghareer added in the same occasion that: "We will continue in supporting the Free Army"; but behind "the support of the Free Army" lies what George Lakoff calls "the metaphors that kill".
Bahrain Mirror: a phased project launched by members of the "Al-Asalah" Islamic Society: the current MP Abdel Halim Murad (+97333222006), Sheikh Faisal Al Ghurair (+97333222006), Khalid Al Balushi (+9736706000), and Abdul Karim Al Emadi (+97333111202). It aims to equip insurgents to fight in Syria, or to provide them with combat equipment, such as anti-aircraft missiles.
And those responsible for it are openly active, since 2012, aided by a number of volunteers, through the establishment of daily campaigns interspersed by auctions for fundraising in Bahraini mosques; which are: " Shikhan Al-Farsi Mosque" in Riffa, "Abu Hanifa Mosque " in Busaiteen, "Nadi Al-Sahel Mosque" in Hidd, "Sheikh Isa bin Ali Mosque" in Muharraq, "AlEsmah mosque" in Hamad Town, and "the Western Galali mosque" in Galali region; in addition to mosques in Isa Town and Manama. Murad oversees the donations that are held in "Shikhan mosque" in Riffa, while Al Ghurair oversees the campaign held in "Abu Hanifa Mosque "in Busaiteen, and those are the two main centres.
The value of the stock per share for the financial donation ranges from BHD 500 (about US$ 1,300) to 1,000 dinars (about US.$ 2,600).
Since the launch of the project in 2012, about 4 campaigns took place belonging to "Equipping Ghazi" project. The first campaign of the project was launched in mid-2012, and was aimed to buying anti-aircraft for fighters in Syria. The commander of Salafist "brigades of Al-Sham's Hawks" Abu Isa Al-Sheikh announced in August 2012 that Bahraini financiers donated to arm 85 fighter which he called 'invaders' in "AlZawya Mountain". In another announcement for an armed squad, who did not reveal its name, stated that "it received aid from Bahraini financiers for equipping anti-aircraft missiles". The value of an anti-aircraft is BHD 8,000 (about 21 thousand U.S. dollars).
In November 2012, the organizers of the project launched the second phase to train about 200 fighters, worth of BHD 1,000 per share, including a total of BHD 200 thousand (about half a million U.S. dollars).
In January 2013, the third phase was launched, under the title "those who equip an invader are invaders" to arm 300 fighters, worth BHD 1,000 per share, including a total of BHD 300 thousand (about 760 thousand U.S. dollars).
In March 2013, the fourth phase of the project was launched, which is the largest, and aims to equip 500 fighters, worth BHD 1,000 per share, including a total of BHD 500 dinars (about one million and 300 thousand U.S. dollars).
On 9 June 2013, MP Abdel Halim Murad announced that operators of the project were able to sell about 370 of the offered shares. He said on his Twitter account @ Murad_bh "we happily announce that we have reached in "Al-Ghazi Project" to 370 fighters for Al-Quseer & Damascus", pointing out that the remaining is "130 shares of the closure of the campaign".
And he stated in a subsequent Tweet on14 June 2013 "we happily announce the entrance of quantities of quality gear and weapons to Syria, and the Mujahedeen began fighting the Christians and the Devil's Party with it".
In a statement by Dr. Faisal Al Ghurair, on 24 June 2013; "during the previous four months and to this date, more than 1530 fighter for AlGhazi project were armed". The cost of equipping this number of fighters is about one and a half million dinars (about 4 million U.S. dollars).