9/30/2013

Bahrain unrest: 50 Shia Muslims sentenced to up to 15 years

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-24323939

A court in Bahrain has sentenced 50 Shia Muslims to up to 15 years in prison on charges of forming a clandestine movement, reports say.
The 14 February group has been a key influence behind the Shia-led campaign for more rights in Bahrain which began in 2011.
Bahrain, ruled by a Sunni Muslim royal family, accuses the movement of terrorism.
Sixteen defendants were given 15-year sentences, reports say.
Four were jailed for 10 years and the remaining 30 for five, according to a judicial source quoted by the AFP news agency.
Thirty of those convicted plan to appeal. Twenty were tried in absentia for their involvement in the 14 February youth coalition, a network of secretive groups that organise protests online.

Analysis

The 14 February youth coalition has been the driving force behind the continuing anti-government protests in Bahrain.
Named after the first day of protests in 2011 that culminated in mass rallies that were forcibly put down with the help of Saudi forces, the group has no visible leadership, depending on anonymity and a decentralised structure to protect its mainly youthful activists.
They organise protests on social networks. They are not formally linked to mainstream opposition groups like Wefaq, which has insisted on peaceful protests and was until recently involved in national dialogue talks with the authorities.
The movement has declared the ruling Sunni al-Khalifa family illegitimate, demanding its overthrow leading to a reformation of the security service and the judicial system and the drafting of a new constitution. The government brands them terrorists - backed by outside forces, meaning Iran.
Prominent among those sentenced was human rights activist Naji Fateel, who was given 15 years, according to the Bahrain Youth Society for Human Rights.
'Torture'
The society alleges he was tortured during interrogation. This, the group says, included electric shocks, simulated drowning and beatings.
Others sentenced include Iraqi cleric Hadi al-Mudaressi and London-based opposition activist Saeed al-Shahabi, AFP reports. Both were tried in absentia.
The charges are also said to have comprised trying to overthrow Bahrain's ruling family.
The head of the rights group, Mohamed al-Maskati, told the BBC that the sentences were "only likely to fuel anti-government unrest".
He said more court cases were likely to come up.
Bahrain has been beset by unrest since 2011 as the series of pro-democracy movements known as the Arab Spring took hold in the region.
Two weeks ago, the Bahraini authorities arrested Khalil Marzook, a leader of the main Shia bloc Wefaq, on terrorism charges.
Wefaq and other groups responded by suspending their participation in a national dialogue designed to heal political divisions.
Bahrain is seen by Western powers as strategically important, providing a haven for the US Navy's Fifth Fleet in the Gulf.